Cavities form when the plaque bacteria sticking to the teeth produces acids when they break down sugar. This acid attacks tooth enamel, and over time can create holes in it. If left untreated, cavities can cause pain and infection. Here are the symptoms and treatments for cavities and what your need to know to prevent them from developing again.
How Can I Tell If I Have A Cavity?
It can be difficult to tell if you have a cavity, which is why you need to regularly visit your dentist because they can determine it for you. However, if you are experiencing tooth ache, sensitivity, or pain when you bite down, then you may have a cavity. Stains on the teeth or visible holes are also signs of decay.
How Does My Dentist Treat A Cavity?
If the cavity is very small, you dentist may be able to treat it using fluoride. Fluoride helps rebuild tooth enamel and strengthens it. However, most cavities need the decay drilled away and then have the space receive a filling made of resin, porcelain, and amalgam. More serious cases of decay may necessitate crowns, root canals, or tooth extractions.
How Do I Prevent Cavities From Developing?
Keeping up on your oral health is the best way to prevent cavities from developing in the first place. Brush your teeth twice a day (using fluoride toothpaste), floss them daily, and see your dentist for regular check-ups. Keeping a healthy diet can also help, seeing as it will reduce the amount of sugars going through your mouth.